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Author Topic: The Three Rivers Region Gazetter A-D  (Read 8563 times)

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Offline dedgren

The Three Rivers Region Gazetter A-D
« on: March 28, 2010, 10:42:45 PM »
The Three Rivers Region Gazetteer - A-D

A

  • Abbot Mountain (Mountain - SE Quad Low Light Twp - lat. 49° 01' 00" N / lon. 94° 48' 23" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl.  Map key 4-G)  Abbot Mountain is a ...

  • Acton Ridge (Ridge – NW, SW Quad Acton Twp - lat. 49° 10' 24" N / lon. 94° 58' 35" W (center).  Map key 2-F)  Acton Ridge is a ...

  • Alder Island (Island - NW Quad Crooked Twp - lat. 49° 07' 39" N / lon. 94° 57' 41" W (center).  Map key 3-F)  Alder Island is a one acre/.4 hectare island in the Grand River 18.8 miles/30.3 kilometers upstream of its mouth.  It is low, gravelly, and wooded with thickets of the trees from which it derives its name.

  • Allen Bay (Bay - SE Quad Diddicks Twp - lat. 48° 49' 05" N / lon. 94° 40' 49" W (center).  Map key 7-H)  Allen Bay is the easternmost bay on Lake of the Woods in Three Rivers Region.  It is about 200 acres/81 hectares in size and has the small urbanized area of Meachem at its head.  Redfox Creek empties into the bay just south of Meachem.

  • Allen Creek (Stream – NE, NW Quads Wind Twp - lat. 48° 54' 33" N / lon. 95° 22' 00" W (mouth).  Map key 6-B)  Allen Creek is a sizeable stream entering the Wind River 18.7 miles/30.1 kilometers above the latter river's mouth.  Allen Creek generally parallels the Wind River to the west, running 5.7 miles/9.3 kilometers from its sources in the southeasternmost reaches of the Puckett Mountains.  The origin of its name is presumed to be after one of the original settlers in the area.

  • Alum Mountains (Hills - NE Quad Wind Twp - lat. 48° 55' 17" N / lon. 95° 21' 18" W (area center).  Map key 6-B)  The Alum Mountains are...

  • Alum Springs (Spring - SW Quad Prairie Twp - lat. 48° 56' 51" N / lon. 95° 17' 35" W.  Map key 5-C)  Alum Springs was named for the sour sulphur-like taste of it’s water which flows into Bitter Branch and empties into Two Moon Creek. By the time it spills into the Wind River, it is sufficiently diluted to support a wide variety of marine life.

  • Amherst (City - NW Quad Long Twp - lat. 48° 07' 57" N / lon. 95° 23' 59" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl.  Map key 3-B)  Amherst is a city located...


  • Anvil Mountain (Mountain- NW Quad Wildcat Twp - lat. 49° 11’ 47" N / lon. 94° 44' 08" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 2-H) Anvil Mountain is a ...

  • Ash Creek (Unincorporated Place - NE Quad Elbert Twp - lat. 48° 58' 49" N / lon. 94° 49' 48" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 5-G)  Ash Creek is a small built up area in the upper Valley of Ash Creek, a tributary of the Smith River.  It does not have a post office or any other government services.  There is a single store in town with convenience groceries and other general merchandise for sale.  The closest gasoline station is in Geneva, two miles away.  Ash Creek was settled in the late 1800s as a religious community, with members professing beliefs similar to the Shakers of central Kentucky.  The townspeople built beautiful communal homes and a large meeting hall out of brick brought into the region by train from Duluth, then by wagon up into the Wyler Mountains.  By the 1920s, however, there were only a few adherents left and much of Ash Creek stood abandoned.  By the 1930s they were all gone and the buildings were beginning to fall into disrepair.  The regional government foreclosed on all of the buildings and property in Ash Creek in 1959 for failure to pay property taxes.  By this time all of the structures were substantially in need of repair.  Over the next 30 years, there were unsuccessful attempts to market Ash Creek as the site for a private college or youth camp.  It was finally purchased for one U.S. dollar in 1993 by Ronald Trump, a then little-known developer who planned to restore a number of the buildings as condominiums in conjunction with construction of a ski area nearby.  The sale agreement required that Trump put the property back on the tax rolls by 2013, and thus far he has sunk hundreds of millions into the project and attracted almost 100 new residents.  Time will tell if this enterprise will be successful, but Trump has been widely applauded for the time and care he has spent in restoring this historic treasure to a measure of its former beauty.


  • Ash Creek (Stream - SE Quad Low Light Twp, NE Quad Elbert Twp - lat. 48° 54' 25" N / lon. 94° 59' 14" W  Map key 4-G) Ash Creek is a 3.3 mile/5.3 kilometer long stream that empties into the Smith River at the head of the Smith River Valley 3.9 miles/6.3 kilometers upriver from Perch Lake.  The name is derived from the color of the soil in the area, the light-grey color of which had the first to explore the Ash Creek Valley believing that so catastrophe had occurred in the area.  Ash Creek rises from springs and seeps along the northern base of Mount Elbert.

  • Ash Creek Valley (Valley - NE Quad Elbert Twp - lat. 48° 59' 10" N / lon. 94° 48' 31" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 5-G) Ash Creek Valley is a scenic mountain valley in the central Wyler Mountains lying between Mount Elbert and Raccoon Mountain.  The valley is wide at its upper westward end and narrows significantly toward the east.

  • Aspen Creek (Stream – NW Quad McLaren Twp - lat. 49° 02' 17" N / lon. 95° 32' 05" W - Map key 4-A) Aspen Creek is a small stream that flows into the region from Minnesota to the west.  From the border, it is about 1.1 miles/1.8 kilometers to the mouth of the stream at McLaren Flowage. 

  • Assiniboine River (River - NW Quad Sunset Twp - lat. 49° 06' 42" N / lon. 95° 33' 20 W - Map key 3-A) The Assiniboine River is a tributary of the Roseau River, which in turn drains into the Red River not far south of Winnipeg, Manitoba.  The Assiniboine rises from sources located at the southernmost end of the Northern Range to the north and east of Whitehall.  Its course through Three Rivers Region is relatively short, only 3.4 miles/5.5 km, but is very scenic and rich in historic interest.  At first flowing west, after about a mile/1.6 kilometers it passes Badwater Spring and then is deflected south by the Sunset Hills to the west.  A mile and a half/2.5 kilometers from the border Cates Draw flows into it in the river resumes its westerly course.  The Assiniboine River takes its name from the Assiniboine Sioux, who lived in great numbers from this point for several hundred miles to the west.

  • Aurora (City - SE Quad Grand Twp - lat. 49° 05' 44" N / lon. 95° 01' 27" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 3-E)  Aurora is a charter city located...

  • Avon (Town  - NE Quad McKee's Rocks Twp - lat. 48° 46' 52" N / lon. 94° 55' 13" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 8-F)  Avon is a town located...
  406-457-4783

  • Avon Bay (Bay - NE Quad McKees Rocks Twp - lat. 48° 46' 57" N / lon. 94° 55' 00" W - Map key 8-F) Avon Bay is a small bay located at the southern end of Pratt Island.  Its shores are almost perfectly semicircular and the bay covers a little over 30 acres/12.2 hectares in area.  Much of the shoreline is exposed and weathered rock.  The small community of Avon has grown up on the southwestern side of the bay; both these places are believed to be named for the Avon River region in England.

B

  • Baronet Island (Island - SE Quad Baronet Twp - lat. 49° 00' 45" N / lon. 95° 01' 17" W (center) Map key 4-E)  Baronet Island is a long narrow island about six and a half miles/10.3 kilometers upstream of the mouth of the Grand River.  The channels on each side of the island, which is about eight-tenths of a mile/1.3 kilometers long and bow-shaped, are about equally wide at 650 feet/200 meters, athough the west channel is the deepest and is considered the navigation route.  The island is about 800 feet wide/250 meters wide for most of its length, and is level on top after rising steeply from the shore.  It was an important "halfway point" landmark for river travelers between Pineshore and Aurora in the 1800s.  Baronet Island is the site of the first road crossing of the Grand River, with two iron cantilever two-lane truss spans constructed and opened in 1923.  After the bridges were built, the almost 70 acre/28 hectare island was farmed for about 50 years, but the fields have largely been let go back over to woodland.  The origin of the island's name is not known.

  • Barrett Lake (Lake - SE Quad Barrett Twp, NE Quad Barrett Twp, NW Quad Barrett Twp - lat. 48° 54' 21" N / lon. 95° 09' 26" W (center) - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 8-D)  Barrett's Lake is, at 3,438 acres/1,390 hectares, the third-largest natural lake after Cold and Grand Lakes entirely within the region's borders.  The lake is just over five miles/eight kilometers from the mouth of the Wind River at Hotham Inlet, and its deep clear blue waters are fed by the upper Wind River and the South Fork of the Wind River, which meet here.  Tiny Purvis and Fitt Creeks also flow into the lake.  Rondy Point, located on the south side of the Wind River outflow, was an important meeting place for the region's early merchants, trappers, farmers and traders between the 1830s-1850s.  Jedward Barrett, for whom the lake is named, owned the point and the lands to the south.

  • Bass Creek (Stream - NW Quad Taylor Twp - lat. 49° 11' 54" N / lon. 95° 18' 00" W (mouth) Map key 2-C)  Bass Creek is a 1.7 mile/2.7 kilometer stream that marks the westernmost extent of the Taylor River watershed.  Its swift flowing stretches connect deep shady pools where bass and other area fish abound, hence its name.

  • Baudette (City - SW Quad Farwell Twp - lat. 48° 48' 33" N / lon. 95° 04' 10" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 7-E)  Baudette is a city located...

  • Beacon Hill (Hill - NE Quad Pine Cone Twp - lat. 48° 45' 49" N / lon. 94° 04' 07" W (center) Map key 8-G)  Beacon Hill is a large low hill at the far south end of Iron Hook Cape.  It rises 207 feet/63 meters above the waters of the Lake of the Woods, and commands a fine view of the southern tip of the cape.

  • Bear Lake (Lake - SE Quad Concho Twp - lat. 49° 12' 53" N / lon. 95° 08' 38" W (center) - elev. 860 ft/262 m amsl. Map key 1-D)  Bear Lake is an almost 11 acre/4.4 hectare natural lake on the Marias River seven miles/11.3 kilometers from its mouth.  The lake is isolated and difficult to reach, but those who do are reported to bring home some of the largest Northern Pike caught in the region.

  • Bennett's Ridge (Ridge - SW Quad Spurlock Twp - lat. 49° 14' 58" N / lon. 95° 05' 09" W (center) Map key 1-E)  Bennett's Ridge is...

  • Bent's River (River - SW and NW Quads Bent's Twp - lat. 49° 09' 03" N / lon. 95° 13' 12" W (mouth) 2-D)  Bent's River is a short, at two and one-half miles/four kilometers, but significant small river draining the western margin of the high grasslands north of Cold Lake.  It rises in tiny Bitter Lake, which is fed by an underwater spring that gushes 32 gallons/120 liters per minute of water bearing a high concentration of calcium sulfate.  The water immediately downstream from the lake is not potable based on its taste, but this changes after the confluence with the East Fork.  Close to its mouth on the Taylor River, Bent's River flows through Wild Rice Lake, a scenic small shallow lake that is literally carpeted by the delectable grain that furnishes its name.  In the mid-1800s, one Elmo Bent so jealously guarded access to the lake and its tasty harvest that the river to this day is referred to by his name.

  • Bent's River, East Fork (Stream - SW Quad Bent's Twp - lat. 49° 09' 51" N / lon. 95° 12' 33" W (mouth) Map key 2-D)  The East Fork of Bent's River is properly classified as a stream.  Only about 1.6 miles/2.5 kilometers in length, this shallow slow flowing tributary drains the south face and area to the east of of Elderberry Ridge, rising from several springs and small artesian wells that were an important water source for early settlers during dry months.  Gold deposits were discovered in its headwaters in 1858 near the present-day village of Hope, leading to a small gold rush by prospectors panning its waters for the yellow metal.

  • Big Bay di Noci (Bay - SE Quad Fish Wheel Twp - lat. 48° 46' 41" N / lon. 95° 02' 05" W - Map key 8-E) Big Bay di Noci is a significant bay of Lake of the Woods into the western shore of the Hotham Inlet.  This is true from both physical and historical standpoints, as the 485 acre/200 hectare bay is essentially a 130 foot/33 meter deep chasm in the underlying bedrock, thus making it perfect for deep draft ships.  It is protected from the winds and storms of the open inlet by Figg Point and The Spit, a glacially-carved bedrock remnant geologically similar to the Spanish Head area immediately to the north.  The name, essentially "Big Bay of the Nuts," reputedly comes from the French-English explorer Simon deBeauville Grand, who was either referring to the then abundant stands of American Chestnut trees growing on Figg Point (these trees, of course, were decimated in the 1900s by Chestnut blight and today, sadly, none remain) or as a reaction to the reception he received by the local Native Americans, who laughed in his face when he tried to buy the surrounding area for a handful of beads and trinkets.  The port-friendly characteristics of Big Bay di Noci were quickly realized, though, and the area became an important break-bulk point at the time of the arrival of the Duluth, Winnipeg & Western line from the south in the 1860s.  Count Emil den Svenska was more successful than Grand in gaining control of the adjacent lands and today the huge port complex that grew from these humble beginnings is till referred to as "Emil's Yards."  The arrival of the western extension of the St. Lawrence Seaway System up into Lake of the Woods in the 1970s cemented Big Bay di Noci's importance as the westernmost North American Atlantic port, and its deep waters host ships in recent years from around the world.

  • Big Cone (Mountain - NE Quad Sentinel Twp - lat. 49° 07' 41" N / lon. 94° 41' 50" W - elev. ___ ft/974 m amsl. Map key 1-H)  Big Cone is a basalt and cinder cone, the largest such in the region.  Its almost perfectly conical appearance is striking, but those views are saved for hardy backpackers as it lies in the heart of the Northern Range.  Specimen-size chunks of obsidian are often found on its scree covered upper slopes.

  • Big Rat Island (Island - SW Quad High Twp - lat. 48° 52' 49" N / lon. 94° 57' 41" W (center) Map key 6-F)  Big Rat Island is a small (88 acres/36 hectare) uninhabited island in Hotham Inlet about one-quarter mile/.4 km offshore of the east shore of High Island.  The origin of its name and its nearby even smaller brother, Little Rat Island, is not known, as Three Rivers Region is remarkably free from these urban pests.  A third island close by, Dot Island, looks almost exactly like its name.

  • Big Rock Pond (Pond - SE Quad Dutchman Twp - lat. 48° 44' 44" N / lon. 95° 06' 49" W (center) - elev. 1,184 ft/349 m amsl. Map key 8-D)  Big Rock Pond is an 1.1 acre/four-tenths hectare pond between R-10 and the Highland Spur of the DW&W just west of the Dutchman-Falls township line.  The name comes from a gigantic sandstone boulder in the pond just off the south bank.

  • Big Slark Lake (Lake - SE Quad Loon Twp - lat. 48° 36' 58" N / lon. 94° 43' 01" W (center) - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 6-H)  Big Slark Lake (fmr. Loon Lake) is an 57 acre/23 hectare natural lake on the Des Plaines River about 6.8 miles/11 km north-northeast of the river's mouth at the Hotham Inlet.  The name "Big Slark" is taken from a fabled giant six foot/1.9 meter Northern Pike (Esox lucius) reputed to live in the lake and feed on the occasional angler when the moon is full.  The town of Rushford (pop. 1009 (2000)) is located on the south shore of the lake.

  • Bigwig Mountain (Mountain - NW Quad Granite Twp - lat. 49° 15' 38" N / lon. 95° 19' 37" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-C)  Bigwig Mountain is...

  • Birdsong Peak (Peak - SW Quad DeLongTwp - lat. 48° 56' 19" N / lon. 95° 08' 44" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 5-D)  Birdsong Peak is...

  • Bitter Branch (Stream - SW Quad Prairie Twp - lat. 48° 56' 07" N / lon. 95° 17' 21" W (mouth) Map key 5-C)  Bitter Branch is a nine-tenths mile/one and one-half kilometer long stream rising at Alum Springs and flowing into Two Moon Creek three miles/4.9 kilometers above that latter stream's mouth.  The name of the creek is derived from the undrinkable taste of its waters, which result from the high concentration of ___ in the outflow of Alum Springs.

  • Bitter Lake (Lake - NW Quad Bent's Twp - lat. 49° 10' 43" N / lon. 95° 12' 06" W (center) - elev. 860 ft/262 m amsl. Map key 2-D)  Bitter Lake is an 18 acre/7.3 hectare natural lake that is little more than a large pond over a major alkaline spring.  The water is charged with high concentrations of ___ and little aquatic life can be found there.  In extremely hot summers, the decreased flow of the spring coupled with evaporation leaves Bitter Lake's banks looking like they are snow-covered.  The blackflies and no-see-ums are reported to be worse here than anywhere else in the region.  The lake is the source of Bent's River two and one-half miles/four kilometers north-northwest of its mouth.

  • Black Cone (Peak - NE Quad Whiskey Twp - lat. 49° 16' 07" N / lon. 95° 27' 57" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-A)  Black Cone is...

  • Black Earth (Town  - NW Quad Tower Twp - lat. 49° 10' 48" N / lon. 94° 50' 51" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 6-G)  Black Earth is a town located...

  • Black Rock Creek (Stream - NE Quad Acton Twp, NW Quad Panther Twp, SW Quad Pink Twp - lat. 48° 56' 07" N / lon. 94° 54' 01" W (mouth) Map key 2-F)  Black Rock Creek is a 3.9 mile/6.3 kilometer long mountain stream rising on the southwestern slopes of Mount Rayden.  It flows south from its source then bears west, reaching Black Rock Falls 2.2 miles/3.6 kilometers above its mouth.  At the falls, the stream turns due south and reaches the Roaring Fork of the Grand River just above Flicker Island at the head of Short's Valley.

  • Black Rock Falls ( Place - NE Quad Acton Twp - lat. 49° 12' 12" N / lon. 94° 53' 42" W (feature) Map key 2-F) Black Rock Falls is a ...

  • Blair Mountain (Mountain - SW Quad Grass Twp- lat. 48° 52' 43" N / lon. 95° 31' 57" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 6-A)  Blair Mountain is...

  • Bloom Peak (Peak - NW Quad Sentinel Twp - lat. 49° 15' 44" N / lon. 94° 36' 33" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-H)  Boundary Peak juts from the south wall of Corner Mountain at the very northeast corner of the region.  The peak is actually a high point along the rampart of an ancient volcanic caldera early explorers of the Northern Range discovered and named The Crater.  The summit of Corner Mountain, some 60 meters higher in elevation, lies just over the Canadian border to the north

  • Blue Rock Mountain Mountain (Mountain - NE Quad Wildcat Twp- lat. 48° 52' 43" N / lon. 94° 41' 17" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 2-H)  Blue Rock Mountain is...

  • Blythe Mountain (Mountain - NW Quad Blythe Twp- lat. 49° 07' 34" N / lon. 94° 53' 01" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 3-G)  Blythe Mountain is...

  • Boissevain( Place - SW Quad Boissevain Twp - lat. 48° 51' 48" N / lon. 95° 25' 25" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 6-B) Boissevain is a ...

  • Border Lake (Lake - NW Quad Pink Twp - lat. 49° 16' 37" N / lon. 94° 51' 41" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-G) Border Lake is a tiny natural lake along Geode Creek astride the international border between Three Rivers Region and Ontario, Canada.  The region's portion is about 1.6 acres/six-tenths of a hectare in size, about the same area lies across the border in Canada.

  • Boundary Peak (Peak - NE Quad Sentinel Twp - lat. 49° 16' 17" N / lon. 94° 40' 17" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-H)  Boundary Peak juts from the south wall of Corner Mountain at the very northeast corner of the region.  The peak is actually a high point along the rampart of an ancient volcanic caldera early explorers of the Northern Range discovered and named The Crater.  The summit of Corner Mountain, some 60 meters higher in elevation, lies just over the Canadian border to the north.

  • Box Elder Creek ( Stream – NW Quad Grand Twp - lat. 49° 06' 33" N / lon. 95° 04' 22" W (mouth) Map key 3-E) Box Elder Creek is a three mile/4.9 kilometer long stream that, with Truman Creek about a half mile/three-tenths of a kilometer to the north, drains the eastern edge of the large expanse of prairie that lies between the Taylor River and Grand Lake.  The largest crappie ever caught in the region, ___ pounds/___ kilograms, was caught in the small slough formed by the creek just west of the DW&W railroad tracks.]

  • Braveman Island (Island - SW Quad North Cold Twp - lat. 49° 05' 36" N / lon. 95° 10' 48" W (center) Map key 3-D)  Braveman Island is a bow-shaped island at the mouth of Green Bay on Cold Lake.  The uninhabited island is the lake's largest, and is just over a half-mile/.85 kilometers long by about two-tenths of a mile/three-tenths of a kilometer wide.  It is made up of cobble and gravel, although some rock cliffs crop up at the northern end.  The 54 acre/22 hectare island is low and wooded, and has a number of seasonal fish camps dotting its shores.  The name comes from the steamship "Braveman," which plied Cold Lake's waters during the mid to late-1800s.

  • Broad Prairie (Plains – SW Quad Barrett Twp, NW Quad Broad Twp, NE Quad Broad Twp, SE Quad Broad Twp, SW Quad Broad Twp, NE Quad Curtiss Twp, NW Quad Leaf Twp, NE Quad Leaf Twp, SE Quad Leaf Twp, SW Twp Leaf Twp, NW Quad Pine Branch Twp, NE Quad Pine Branch Twp, SE Quad Pine Branch Twp, SW Quad Pine Branch Twp - lat. 48° 49' 42" N / lon. 95° 16' 45" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map keys 6-D, 7-C, 8-B, 7-B, 8-C, 6-C, 6-B) Broad Prairie is a ...

  • Broken Arrow Lake (Lake - NW Quad Bents Twp - lat. 49° 11' 47" N / lon. 95° 10' 48" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 2-D) Broken Arrow Lake is an almost 65 acre/36 hectare natural lake located 2.3 miles/3.8 kilometers upstream from the mouth of Nilsson Creek on the edge of the prairie north of Hope.  The origin of its name is not known, although about 100 years after it began to appear on maps of the region there was a Hollywood movie apparently named after it.

  • Broken Mountain (Mountain – NE Quad Ford Twp - lat. 49° 16' 04" N / lon. 95° 22' 49" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-B) Broken Mountain is a ...

  • Brooks Ferry (Place – NE Quad Little Cold Twp - lat. 49° 03' 47" N / lon. 95° 15' 37" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 4-C) Brooks Ferry is a ...

  • Brunssom's Rise (Hill - NE Quad Falls Twp - lat. 48° 45’ 38" N / lon. 95° 01' 56" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 8-E) Brunssom's Rise is a ...

  • Brushy Islands (Islands - NE Quad Baronet Twp - lat. 49° 03' 53" N / lon. 95° 01' 37" W (center of group) Map key 4-E)  The Brushy Islands are two long low islands located in the Grand River at 10.9 miles/17.5 kilometers upstream of Hotham Inlet.  They are essentially wooded gravel bars, and are sometimes underwater when the river is running high.  The largest of the two is 31.2 acres/12.6 hectares in area.

  • Buck Elk Flats (Plains – NE Quad Paradise Twp - lat. 49° 11' 08" N / lon. 95° 27' 32" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map keys 2-A) Buck Elk Flats is a ...

  • Buck Ridge (Ridge - SW Quad Pine Branch Twp - lat. 48° 44’ 42" N / lon. 95° 18' 21" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 8-C) Buck Ridge is a ...


  • Bull Pen Creek ( Stream – SE Quad Farwell Twp - lat. 48° 48' 03" N / lon. 95° 01' 37" W Map key 7-E) Bull Pen Creek is a tiny tributary of Massacre Creek, joining that latter stream just a little more than 750 feet/a quarter kilometer upstream of its mouth at Spanish Bay.  The creek is only .6 miles/one kilometer long and for most of its length can be crossed with a few running jumps.  It is believed that the name of the creek comes from a farmer who kept a bull pen in the vicinity of its headwaters. 

  • Bunn Springs (Spring - NE Quad Low Light Twp - lat. 49° 02' 19" N / lon. 94° 48' 57" W.  Map key 4-G)  Bunn Springs are a ...

  • Burns Cone (Peak - NW Quad Curtiss Twp - lat. 48° 45' 14" N / lon. 95° 25' 33" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 8-B) Burns Cone is a ...

  • Burnt Bear Islands (Island - SE Quad North Perch Twp, NE Quad South Perch Twp - lat. 48° 57' 22" N / lon. 94° 45' 16" W (center) Map key 5-H)  The Burnt Bear Islands are a pair of small islands located in Perch Lake north of Bluff Point.  The largest of the two islands is almost 16 acres/six and one-half hectares.  They are low and rocky, and are heavily wooded.  Local lore has it that early hunters in the region believed a badly burned bear lived on the islands, to which it had swum in escaping from a forest fire.  The islands are today part of the Bluff Point Regional Park, and the larger of the two has three primitive campsites on it.

  • Butterfield Creek ( Stream – NE and SE Quads Grand Twp - lat. 49° 05' 23 " N / lon. 95° 03' 00" W Map key 2-E)Butterfield Creek is an almost 2 mile/3 kilometer long northeasterly flowing stream that drains into Grand Lake at the lake's outflow into the Grand River at Oak Point.  The creek rises in the shortgrass prairie that stretches between Cold and Grand Lakes and flows through fields originally cultivated by R. J. Butterfield, an early settler of the area and later a Regional Administrator (1858-1866).

C

  • Cal's Rapids( Rapids - NW Quad Panther Twp - lat. 49° 11' 06" N / lon. 94° 51' 49" W  Map key 2-G) Cal's Rapids are about 90 feet/23 meters of Class VI rapids at the ten mile/16 meter mark of the Roaring Fork of the Grand River.  Experienced river runners fear this stretch of the river above most others, in that they say its looks are so deceiving, and that these rapids strike with a vengeance that is swift, unexpected and sometimes deadly.

  • Camp Creek ( Stream – NW Quad Camp Twp, NE Quad Camp Twp, SW Quad Camp Twp - lat. 48° 56' 32" N / lon. 94° 58' 22" W  Map key 5-F) Camp Creek is a three mile/five kilometer long stream that flows into the Grand River 2.1 miles/3.3 kilometers above its mouth.  The stream is slow flowing and today the surrounding area is almost completely urbanized as the Pineshore suburbs of Haypoint and Stewart.  The lower part of Camp Creek flows through northern East Pineshore largely through channelized banks.  Short stretches, though, have been maintained as greenbelt along its length, and Camp Creek remains remarkable clear and unpolluted.  The name is believed to refer to the suitablity of its banks for encampments of early settlers.

  • Camp Island (Island - NE Quad Cub Twp - lat. 49° 11' 24" N / lon. 95° 00' 57" W (center) Map key 2-E)  Camp Island is a narrow-waisted island of about 14 acres/almost six hectares that is a prominent feature in Willow Lake.  At a little less than 1,400 feet/.45 kilometers long, this rocky and heavily wooded island was a frequently used camping place for the areas earliest explorers, who were attempting to avoid contact with the many local bears.

  • Canasta Peak ( Peak - SE Quad Pink Twp - lat. 49° 12' 56" N / lon. 94° 48' 23" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-G)  Canasta Peak is...

  • Carson Bluff( Place - NW Quad McLaren Twp - lat. 49° 03' 23" N / lon. 95° 30' 37" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 4-A) Carson Bluff is a ...


  • Carter Hills (Hills - NW Quad Marrowbone Twp - lat. 49° 11' 19" N / lon. 95° 24' 04" W (area center).  Map key 6-B)  The Carter Hills are...

  • Castalon Mountain ( Mountain - SE Quad Elbert Twp - lat. 48° 57' 42" N / lon. 94° 48' 33" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 5-G)  Castalon Mountain is...

  • Cat Tail Creek ( Stream – NE Quad Wildcat Twp - lat. 49° 11' 07" N / lon. 94° 40' 01" W (border)  Map key 2-H) The Three Rivers Region portion of Cat Tail Creek comprises the stream's headwaters at the base of Blue Rock Mountain.  The main branch of the stream rises in valleys to the south of the mountain and flows 1.4 miles/2.3 kilometers east-southeast to the international border with Ontario, Canada.  It picks up a substantial tributary half a mile/eight tenths of a kilometer from the border.  Cat Tail Creek flows another two miles/3.2 kilometers in Canada before draining into Lake of the Woods.  Its name comes from the numerous cattails that line its banks, especially in the bends of the lower stretches.

  • Cates Draw ( Stream – NW Quad Sunset Twp - lat. 49° 07' 04" N / lon. 95° 31' 41" W  Map key 3-A) Cates Draw is a tiny 1.1 mile/1.8 kilometer long brook that helps to drain the western reaches of the great prairies west of Cold Lake.  It is a tributary of the upper Assiniboine River, joining the river 1.5 miles/2.5 kilometers above the border with Manitoba.  As the stream was name over 100 years ago, it is not likely that it was named after Cate Blanchett, but locals say it's almost as pretty as she is.

  • Center Peak( Peak - SE Quad Paradise Twp - lat. 49° 09' 30" N / lon. 95° 29' 54" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 2-A) Center Peak is a ...

  • Channel Island (Island - NE Quad High Twp - lat. 48° 53' 58" N / lon. 94° 56' 35" W (center) Map key 6-F)  Channel Island is a tiny 1.1 acre/.5 hectare rock island on the mainland shore of East Channel east of Pineshore.  Early Hotham Inlet boat captains used the island as a landmark for entry into the channel, and as a warning to keep an eye out for the shifting sandbars that mark its passage.

  • Channel, The( Channel – NE  Quad Taylor Twp, SE Quad Taylor Twp - lat. 49° 10' 12" N / lon. 95° 14' 44" W  Map key 2-C) The Channel is the name given by early Taylor Lakes watermen to the last half mile/eight-tenths of a kilometer of the Taylor River that joins the two lakes at their eastern ends.  The channel is broad, straight and deep over its length, and saw much commerce during the years that is was only possible to reach Marchand, at the west end of Lower Taylor Lake, by flatboat from the railhead at Wood Ridge on the Upper Taylor Lake.

  • Chloe Rapids( Rapids - NW Quad Wildcat Twp - lat. 49° 11' 26" N / lon. 94° 11' 41" W  Map key 2-H) Chloe Rapids are about 200 feet/65 meters of Class VI rapids 17 miles/27.4 kilometers upstream of the mouth of the Roaring Fork of the Grand River.  They are just past the mouth of Wildcat Creek to the south.  The Chloe Rapids are the second set of major rapids on the Roaring Fork between the international border and flatwater at the head of Short's Valley, and can be summed up in the phrase most commonly heard when river runners first see them- "Oh, sh-t!"  The origin of the name Chloe is not known.

  • Churchlady Mountain( Mountain - NE Quad Ford Twp - lat. 49° 15' 02" N / lon. 95° 20' 47" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-B) Churchlady Mountain is a ...

  • Cinder Peak( Peak - SW Quad Sentinel Twp - lat. 49° 13' 48" N / lon. 94° 45' 49" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-H) Cinder Peak is a conical peak located in the far northeast corner of Three Rivers Region.  It derives its name from its rock and scree covered slopes, which early explorers of the eastern reaches of the Northern Range took to be a sign of volcanic activity in the area.

  • Clam Island (Island - NE Quad South Cold Twp - lat. 48° 53' 58" N / lon. 95° 07' 29" W (center) Map key 4-D)  Clam Island is a wooded 1.5 acre/.6 hectare gravel and sand island at the western extent of Thunder Bay.  The island has never been inhabited, but has provided a degree of sheltered water in the bay behind it to the boats mooring at the hamlet that bears the bay's name for over 150 years.

  • Coast Hills (Hills - SE Quad Falls Twp - lat. 48° 43' 39" N / lon. 95° 00' 54" W (center) - elev. ___ ft/___ m (highest point)Map key 8-E) The Coast Hills are...

  • Cobb Point( Point - SW Quad High Twp - lat. 48° 52' 29 N / lon. 94° 59' 08" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 6-F) Cobb Point is a ...

  • Cold Lake( Lake - NE Quad Little Cold Twp, NW Quad Marcy Twp, SE Quad Marcy Twp, SW Quad Marcy Twp, NW Quad North Cold Twp, SE Quad North Cold Twp, SW Quad North Cold Twp, NW Quad South Cold Twp, NW Quad South Cold Twp, - lat. 49° 05' 02" N / lon. 95° 11' 08" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map keys 4-C, 3-C, 3-S, 4-D) Cold Lake is the largest natural lake lying entirely inside the boundaries of Three Rivers Region.  At 24,513 acres/9,920 hectares in area, its distinctive "crab claw" shape has been noted by astronauts from earth orbit.  Cold Lake is situated just above and to the right of the geographic center of the region: at its greatest extent it is about eight miles/13 kilometers wide by about five miles/eight kilometers north to south.  The main pool of the lake is an oval-shaped area lying mainly in North and South Cold Townships.  From this, two large bays protrude: Green Bay, a 1,435 acre/580 hectare expanse of water off to the north and West Arm, a 1,423 acre/576 hectare long and narrow water body off to the northwest.  While it is dwarfed in size by lakes such as Lake of the Woods and Lake Winnipeg, Cold Lake has each of these outdone in one respect- its depth.  The deepest area of Cold Lake is found along the approximate axis of West Arm out into the main part of the lake and has been measured at over 500 feet/150 meters.  This is due to the presence of the Stockholm fault, a slip and strike fault that is currently in an inactive phase, but which some experts believe bears the potential for a devastating earthquake that would be felt far beyond the region's boundaries.  Cold Lake is fed by three major rivers: the Cold, Fox and Taylor.  Several smaller streams also drain into it, most notably Little Cold Lake Creek which enters the lake to the west of Thunder Bay.  Settlement of the south shore around Thunder Bay and Brooks Ferry was well under way by the 1840s, with the two communities on the north shore, Meriden and Stockholm, following in the 1850s.  Each of these places was centered around the lake's vast and productive fishery, with Thunder Bay in particular becoming the site of a number of processing and packing enterprises.  Travel between Cold Lake's communities and out along the Cold River to Grand Valley and Pineshore was originally by riverboat.  After the DW&W's Thunder Bay Spur Line reached the lake at Thunder Bay in 1874, the riverboat service on Cold River ended, but these boats plied the lake's waters carrying passengers until improved roads reached the north shore communities in the 1930s.  By 1950, commercial fishing in the lake ended as catch sizes dropped dramatically due to overfishing.  Sport fishing, however, has continued and every species in the lake, notably bass, trout, muskellunge , walleye and northern pike, has made a substantial comeback.  Today, most of Cold Lake's 37 miles/60 kilometers of shoreline remains pristine and undisturbed, and in particular the north shoreline east from Stockholm.  The adoption of better farming practices starting in the second half of the 20th Century has led to a dramatic decline in the levels of agricultural runoff entering the lake, and Brooks Ferry, Meriden and Stockholm each have Class AA community sewage and wastewater treatment facilities.  The Regional Government designated Cold Lake and lands 1.25 miles/two kilometers back from its shores a Special Interest Planning Management Zone (SIPM Zone) in 1989, and private organizations such as the Friends of Cold Lake and the Kitsune Institute have been aggressively purchasing conservation and viewshed easements along the lake's shores over the past 20 years.

  • Cold River (River - NW Quad Baronet Twp, NW Quad Evendim Twp, NE Quad Evendim Twp., SE Quad Evendim Twp.,NW Quad Ford Twp, NE Quad Ford Twp, SW Quad Ford Twp, NW Quad Marcy Twp., NW Quad Marrowbone Twp., SE Quad Marrowbone Tsp., SW Quad Marrowbone Twp., NE Quad Paradise Twp, SW Quad Taylor Tsp., SE Quad Whiskey Twp - lat. 48° 57' 45" N / lon. 95° 00' 14" W. (mouth) Map keys 4-E, 1-B, 3-C, 2-B, 2-A, 2-C, 1-A ) The Cold River is Three Rivers Region's longest, at 44.4 miles/71.5 kilometers.  It rises in the heart of the North Range in the beautiful Upper Cold River Valley and flows west then southwest, bending ever more southward in a great arc as the valley broadens and the prairie is reached near Prater Springs.  This is the region's cliff and cave country, and a float trip down the Cold River's placid waters in this area is one of Three Rivers Region's most popular recreational experiences.  By the time the river's first major tributary stream, Running Deer Creek, is reached 34.4 miles/55.4 kilometers from Cold River's mouth, the course of the remainder of the waterway is set firmly to the southeast, a path that takes it through Deadman Rapids (31.6 miles/50.9 kilometers from the mouth), past Paradise Creek (30.9 miles/49.8 kilometers), then through Mosquito Rapids (29.4 miles/47.3 kilometers), Reedy Lake (25.2 miles/40.5 kilometers) and Pot Lake (24.2 miles/39 kilomters) into the top of the West Arm of Cold Lake, which is reached 21.4 miles/34.5 kilometers above the mouth.  Cold Lake is traversed for the next 10.4 miles/16.8 kilometers and Cold River resumes its course at the lake's outflow 11 miles/17.8 kilometers above its confluence with the Grand River.  The first of these last miles of the river are deep and swift, and surprising remote from roads and adjacent development.  The majestic bridge carrying the Duluth, Winnipeg & Western's main line tracks over Cold River is reached four miles/six and one-half kilometers above the mouth, and from this point to the Grand River increasing signs of approaching civilization are seen, and in particular along the north bank.  The Cold River flows into the Grand River at High Point, 3.6 miles/5.8 kilometers above the Grand's mouth.  Here, the clear waters of Cold River run side by side with the muddier waters of Grand River for a while, as if reluctant to give themselves over before joining once and for all in the deep blue waters of Hotham Inlet.

  • Cold River Valley, Upper (Valley - NE Quad Ford Twp - lat. 49° 15' 25" N / lon. 95° 22' 51" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-B) The Upper Cold River Valley is a four mile/six and one-half kilometer long valley that carries the Cold River down from its headwaters high in the heart of the Northern Range to the prairies to the south of the range.  The valley has served as a early route into the mountains and as a trailhead for local settlers to cross the range via Hart Lake into eastern Manitoba.

  • Concho Creek (Stream – NE Quad Bents Twp, NW Quad Concho Twp, SE Quad Concho Twp, SW Quad Concho Twp - lat. 49° 12' 16" N / lon. 95° 08' 48" W - Map keys 2-D, 1-D) Concho Creek is a seven mile/11.5 kilometer long stream that flows from the base of Pack Summit to the southeast across Concho Township and into the Marias River in northern Bents Township.  The term Concho means "shell," but it is not known why that would be given to this stream, as the freshwater mussells that are found in the region's rivers, streams and lakes closer to the Hotham Inlet are not found in its waters.  Concho Creek is noteworthy for the falls close to its source, which drop ___ feet/___ meters and are iconographic of the region's natural beauty.

  • Concho Creek Falls ( Waterfall - NW Quad Concho Twp - lat. 49° 15' 32" N / lon. 95° 12' 50" W (feature) Map key 1-D) Concho Creek Falls is a ___ foot/___ meter waterfall over an almost sheer rock cliff 6.5 miles upstream from the mouth of the creek.  Its natural beauty is seen in many photographs and paintings, and it has come to symbolize the Three Rivers Region outdoors in the minds of many.  The falls are reached by a trail that starts on the northbound (east) side of R-3 one and one quarter miles/two kilometers north of the road's junction with R-2.

  • Cook (Place – NE Quad _Flats Twp - lat. 49° 14' 59" N / lon. 94° 53' 45" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-F) Cook is a ...

  • Coors Creek (Stream - SW Quad Granite Twp - lat. 49° 13' 35 N / lon. 95° 17' 15" W - Map key 1-C) Coors Creek is a nine-tenths mile/one and one-half kilometer tributary stream of Liv's Creek, and joins the latter just above Thunderbird Falls.  The creek rises on the southern slopes of the south peak of the Deux Tetons, and its short length is marked by a number of large springs.  The name is reputed to come from the same Adolph Coors of beer brewing fame.  Shortly after the arrival of the DW&W to the area in 1871, Coors evaluated a site near modern-day Wood Ridge for a brewery.  The springs along what became known as Coors Creek were said to produce water perfect for the brewery's needs, but it was ultimately determined not feasible to pipe it in sufficient quantity over the distance required.  Coors moved on to Golden, Colorado, and the rest is history.  The little known fact might be noted that, perhaps out of Adolph Coors fond recollection of the region, Three Rivers Region was for years the easternmost place on the North American continent where his company's beer was sold.

  • Cope Brook (Stream - NW Quad High Twp, SW Quad High Twp - lat. 48° 54' 16 N / lon. 94° 58' 48" W - Map key 6-F) Cope Brook, located on the north side of High Island, is fed by the East Channel of the Grand River.

  • Cope Pond (Pond - _ Quad _ Twp - lat. _° _' _" N / lon. _° _' _" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key )Cope Pond is situated in the center of High Island, which is located near the junction of the powerful Grand and Wind Rivers. The waters of Cope Brook, fed by the East Channel of the Grand River, keep the pond at a steady level the year around.

  • Crater, The (Crater - NE Quad SentinelTwp - lat. 49° 08' 14" N / lon. 94° 40' 25" W (center))  The Crater is an ancient volcanic caldera- the remnants of a small volcano that erupted violently some 20,000 years ago.  The area's volcanic past lives on in the form of several small warm springs on the north side of Palin Creek in the valley below Boundary Peak.

  • Crump Creek (Stream - NE Quad South Cold Twp - lat. 48° 50' 04" N / lon. 95° 12' 16" W (mouth))  Crump Creek is a short (1/2 mile/.8 km) waterway that drains Moore Pond into Cold Lake about one mile/1.6 km west of Thunder Bay.

  • Cub Creek (Stream - NW Quad Cub Twp - lat. 49° 11' 23" N / lon. 95° 05' 29" W - Map key 2-E) Cub Creek, located in the northern part of 3 Rivers Region, is a tributary of the Marias River which flows into Grand Lake. It is believed to have been named for the offspring of once-endangered wildlife native to the area.

  • Curry Mountain (Mountain - NW Quad Ford Twp - lat. 49° 16' 26" N / lon. 95° 26' 23" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-B) Curry Mountain is a ...

  • Curtiss Mountain (_ - _ Quad _ Twp - lat. _° _' _" N / lon. _° _' _" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key )Curtiss Mountain is a ...

D

  • Darmok Peak( Peak - SE Quad Twin Glacier Twp - lat. 48° 45' 00" N / lon. 95° 27' 38" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 8-A) Darmok Peak is a ...

  • Deep Creek( Stream - NW Quad Two Moon Twp - lat. 48° 54' 22" N / lon. 95° 17' 10" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 6-C) Deep Creek is a narrow stream which flows into the Wind River west of Barrett’s Lake. It is relatively shallow for most of its length, but often overflows during heavy rains, a fact reflected by its name.

  • DeLong Mountains( Mountain Range – NE Quad DeLong Twp, NW Quad DeLong Twp, SE Quad DeLong Twp, SW Quad DeLong Twp, NW Quad Evendim Twp, SW Quad Evendim Twp, NW Quad Fish Wheel Twp - lat. 48° 56' 42" N / lon. 95° 07' 27" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 6-D, 5-D, 5-E, 6-E) The DeLong Mountains are a ...

  • Des Plaines( Place - NW Quad Diddicks Twp - lat. 48° 50' 14" N / lon. 94° 44' 59" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 7-H) Des Plaines is a ...

  • Des Plaines River (River - NE Quad Loon Twp, SE Quad Loon Twp, SW Quad Loon Twp, NW Quad Diddick's Twp - lat. 48° 49' 54" N / lon. 94° 44' 55" W (mouth) Map key 7-H, 6-H) The Des Plaines River flows from east to west and passes through Big Slark Lake about 6.8 miles/11 km north-northeast of its mouth, then turns south and empties into Diddick’s Bay. It is home to a variety of marine life including well-fed Northern Pike (esox lucius) occasionally spotted by hopeful anglers.

  • DeLong Mountains (Mountain Range - NW Quad DeLong Twp, NE Quad DeLong Twp, SE Quad DeLong Twp, SW Quad DeLong Twp - lat. 48° 56' 42" N / lon. 95° 07' 27" W (center) Map key 5-D)  The DeLong Mountains are...

  • DeLong Peak (Peak - SW Quad Evendim Twp - lat. 48° 57' 20" N / lon. 95° 06' 18" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 5-E)  DeLong Peak is...

  • Deux Tetons (North Peak)(Peak - NW Quad Granite Twp - lat. 49° 15' 12" N / lon. 95° 17' 29" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-C) Deux Tetons, north peak, is a ...

  • Deux Tetons (South Peak)( Peak - NW Quad Granite Twp - lat. 49° 14' 52" N / lon. 95° 17' 24" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 1-C) Deux Tetons, south peak, is a ...

  • Diddick’s Bay( Bay - NW Quad Diddicks Twp, SW Quad Diddicks Twp, NW Quad Iron Hood Twp, NE Quad Pine Cone Twp - lat. 48° 48' 10" N / lon. 94° 46' 00" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 7-H, 8-H, 8-G) Diddick’s Bay skirts the west side of the Iron Hook Cape and forms the eastern side of Hotham Inlet.

  • Dodge Center( Place – NE Quad Hay Flat Twp - lat. 49° 07' 10" N / lon. 94° 42' 27" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 3-H) Dodge Center is a ...

  • Dot Island( Island – SW Quad High Twp - lat. 48° 53' 02" N / lon. 94° 57' 04" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 6-F) Dot Island is a ...

  • Double Mountain (east)( Mountain - NW Quad Twin Glacier Twp - lat. 48° 47' 09" N / lon. 95° 32' 01" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 8-A) Double Mountain (east) is a ...

  • Double Mountain (west)( Mountain - _ Quad Twin Glacier Twp - lat. 48° 47' 13" N / lon. 95° 32' 29" W - elev. ___ ft/___ m amsl. Map key 8-A) Double Mountain (west) is a ...

  • Dutchman Hills (Hills - SW Quad Dutchman Twp, NW Quad Dutchman Twp - lat. 48° 45' 27" N / lon. 95° 12' 12" W (center) - elev. ___ ft/___ m (highest point) Map key 8-D)  The Dutchman Hills are...

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D. Edgren

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